Seaspiracy: Does it help or hinder

The fight against plastic pollution?

When I initially saw the trailer for Seaspiracy it piqued my interest. It highlighted all the important environmental issues surrounding our oceans; interviews with well-known environmentalists; Paul Watson, Sylvia Earle and snippets from Rick O’Barry’s documentary The Cove along with scenes of plastic washing up onto our shores.

Overfishing, saving our coral reefs, and cetacean captivity are all issues that are close to my heart, but closer yet is combating the use of single use plastic. The trailer for Seaspiracy definitely got my attention.

Seaspiracy and Plastic Pollution

After the initial documentary intro, Seaspiracy begins with scenes of whales cruising majestically through the ocean, while videographer Ali Tabrizi watches from the shore. It talks about this love of the ocean and his desire to learn about the beauty beneath the sea.

It doesn’t take long before the documentary switches from beautiful ocean scenes to images of whales washing up on the shore.

“Pregnant whale died with 50 pounds of plastic in her stomach.” “Baby dolphin found dead with stomach full of plastic trash.” Over and over again the screen is filled with headlines from news outlets depicting stories of whales and dolphins, filled with plastic, washing ashore.

Ali Tabrizi Seaspiracy

Ali Tabrizi

Seaspiracy

“The equivalent of a garbage truck load of plastic is dumped in the sea every single minute. Joining the over 150 million tonnes already floating there.”

While the world is well aware of plastic pollution, the message about reducing single use plastic is still not making much of an impact. We continue to choose our convenience of plastic over the knowledge that using plastic at an alarming rate is causing harm to both the oceans and our land.

With images depicting take away containers and plastic drink bottles being thrown into the garbage, Tabrizi comes to the realisation that he was a massive part of the problem. In order to do his part to curb plastic pollution he “became the plastic police.” His mission was simple, and involved steps we all can, and should, implement on a day-to-day basis:

  • Carry a reusuable water bottle
  • Stop using plastic toothbrushes and straws
  • Take your own bags to the store
  • Carry a reusable coffee cup
  • Pick up single use plastic when you see it

It was a soft intro into the harm that single use plastic is causing. Seaspiracy then takes a swift turn. Ali along with wife Lucy pack their bags and head to Japan to find out how big of a threat Japan’s whaling practices were compared to plastic.

THE CONNECTION BETWEEN Plastic AND Dolphin Drive Hunts

Taiji Dolphin Hunt Seaspiracy
Photo credit Pixabay: analogicus

We are now catapulted into Rick O’Barry’s domain, exposing the horrors of the Taiji dolphin hunts.

Rick O'Barry

Rick O’Barry

Dolphin Project

“If we can’t fix this (dolphin drive hunts) then what are you talking about saving the ocean? It (the Taiji dolphin killing zone) is the size of a football field.”

For those unaware, the dolphin drive hunts are a means of capturing dolphins, placing them into tiny enclosures, training them and selling them globally to marine parks as a means of entertainment.

It’s argued that dolphins used in many marine parks today don’t come from these dolphin hunts, but rather from breeding of dolphins that are already in captivity. However, it’s undeniable that dolphins in marine parks came from the ocean to start with.

Captivity leads us back to single use plastic. Keeping these animals captive requires a ton of plastic: fish caught from the ocean — frozen and packaged in single use plastic as well as all the plastic required for medical treatments and breeding these animals.

We get a short glimpse of a crowd at a marine park and it's safe to assume that at some stage the crowds were hungry and thirsty. What are the majority of the food and beverages consumed at these venues packaged in? Single use plastic. There’s always a plastic connection.

While O’Barry's reference to dolphin drive hunts and saving the ocean may not have been directly related to ocean plastic, plastic pollution isn’t just the size of a football field.

Plastic is used by every single person on this planet, both on land and on the sea. I’d wager a bet that even the North Sentinelese Tribes that have no contact with the outside world encounter plastic on a regular basis, with it being washed up on their shores.

Overfishing and the Plastic Connection

Overfishing Seaspiracy

The documentary shifts its focus to overfishing blue fin tuna and shark finning. Apart from the appalling number of shark fin products being sold in the markets, the other glaring problem was all the single use plastic these products were packaged in. Rows and rows of dehydrated fins, packaged in single use plastic. Over 94% of which will make its way to either landfill or the ocean.

Seabirds and the Plastic Connection

The documentary now moves to professor Callum Roberts, a Marine Scientist, who notes that the abundance of seabirds has decreased by about 70 per cent over the past 70 years. Roberts goes on to explain that the birds lightly dip into the ocean to feed off small fish on the surface, and as there are less fish for them to feed from, the seabird numbers are seeing a decline.

What’s the plastic connection that’s missing from this story? Often those pickings are not little fish at all — but instead, bits of plastic. This too, is killing birds that feed from the ocean.

Labels, Sustainability and the Plastic Connection

The documentary moves to product labels and specifically targets the Dolphin Safe label in regards to dolphin protection. The film argues that consumers have being purchasing products specifically due to this labelling, trusting that the logo meant no dolphins were harmed during the tuna fishing process.

It’s emphasised that labels are purchased and there’s no guarantee that the products labelled “Dolphin Safe” means that no dolphins were killed while harvesting the tuna.

“Follow the money” Tabrizi says. He then pulls up a website that states:

“The Marine Stewardship Council was founded in 1995 by the World Wildlife Fund and Unilever.”

However, the film only highlights Unilever as a problem. WWF’s logo flashed briefly on screen prior to talking about fish farms, there was no mention of their label support, and money making ventures. The WWF are also funded by labels for “sustainable” farmed salmon in Australia. And just like Unilever, to quote Tabrizi, “the more blue ticks they hand out — the more money (WWF) make.”

What’s the plastic connection? Products marked with both “Dolphin Safe” and “Sustainable Seafood” labels are often packaged in single use plastic, of which very little will be recycled.

Alistair Allan

Alistair Allan

Sea Shepherd

“A lot of people jump to the conclusion that sustainable seafood comes from farming fish and not high seas fishing, but it’s really not the case. There are so many issues involved with farming fish; pollution, disease, and we have to ask the question — what are these fish being fed?”

The other missing plastic link: producing feed for these fish farms and keeping them medicated and coloured requires, yet again, more plastic.

Plastic Fishing Nets

Plastic Fishing Nets
Credit: @A_Different_Perspective Pixabay
George Monbiot - Environmentalist

George Monbiot

Environmentalist

“Even the groups that are talking about marine plastic are highly reluctant to talk about what a lot of that plastic is. Which is fishing nets and fishing gear.”

Are they really reluctant to talk about fishing nets?

Ocean Cleanup talks about fishing nets, Parley for the Ocean talks about fishing nets (ironically Cyrill Gutsch, founder of Parley for the Oceans was interviewed in the documentary — yet he is not questioned on the apparent reluctance to discuss fishing nets as a problem), Greenpeace talks about fishing nets.

Monbiot states that 46 per cent of ocean plastic comes from fishing nets. Even if this statistic is correct, there’s still 54 per cent of plastic in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch coming from other plastic.

However, I would agree with Monbiot when he asks: “Isn’t it terrible, all our cotton buds and plastic bags are swirling around in the great pacific garbage patch?” Yes it is!

Plastic Straws

Plastic straws may only account for 0.03% of plastics entering the ocean. However, if it wasn't for this viral video of one single plastic straw entering the nose of one turtle, we likely wouldn't have seen the outpouring of campaigns against plastic straws. Therefore, I would deem the video a success.

Since watching the 8-minute clip many people got behind these campaigns and vowed to stop using not only plastic straws, but other single use takeaway items. In fact, without the awareness that plastic straws pollute our oceans, many people would not be watching the Seaspiracy documentary today.

Gaining awareness about what may seem like a small issue (turtles dying due to plastic) and in turn reducing your use of certain single use plastic items, isn't a bad thing. In fact it’s a damn good place to start.

Recreational Fisherman

Recreational Fisherman - Seaspiracy
Photo Credit: @pixel2013 pixabay

“I have a hard time accepting that a fisherman on his little fishing boat could be causing all this damage, so what’s the deal?”, Tabrizi asks Monbiot.

Monbiot takes us off to another place, one that doesn’t address recreational fishing, suddenly we are propelled back to commercial fishing.

Most recreational fisherman would agree there needs to be greater restrictions placed on large commercial fishing vessels. If the main agenda for this film is to get people to stop eating fish and adopt a vegan lifestyle, it’s very unlikely to happen. Which is possibly why the Plastic Pollution Coalition became defensive when asked why “stop eating fish” was not listed on their website. That isn’t the agenda of the Plastic Pollution Coalition — their agenda is for their message to reach the masses. The message:

“To work towards a world free of plastic pollution and its toxic impact on humans, animals, waterways, the ocean, and the environment.”

Plant Based Alternatives

Plant Based Tuna

Seaspiracy ends with a segment on plant based alternatives. They sound and look delicious. There was only one problem — many of those options presented were, you guessed it, packaged in plastic. Yes, the packaging stated it was packaged in compostable plastic, but when it comes to vegan food that’s not always the case, and as I always say.

“It won’t compost if you don't compost it.” — Catherine Earle

While I admire Ali and his wife Lucy for having the courage and tenacity to dig deep into these topics, I feel it missed the mark on really telling the story about how the oceans work, why it’s important for us to protect them and shine a brighter light on the issues surrounding commercial fishing.

If the film’s mission was to encourage more people to go vegan, it hit its mark. Almost every comment on social media regarding Seaspiracy is related to veganism — not about the issues surrounding plastic pollution or around commercial fishing and fishing nets. However, Seaspiracy didn’t provide a solution to the problem of overfishing, aside from adopting a vegan diet.

A better solution? Ask people to make conscious decisions and question their food supply — including those that are already vegan.

Where has your food originated from? What is your food packaged in? Is that packaging sustainable? Is it recyclable or compostable? If it’s recyclable, will it actually get recycled? If it’s compostable, are you going to compost it?

These questions can, and should be applied to all our purchasing decisions. When we start making conscious choices, our options start shrinking and the reality of sustainability at the rate we are currently consuming, will be a wake-up call in itself.

I believe Seaspiracy would have been more compelling if it stuck to the issues surrounding commercial fishing or actually followed the connection between fishing and plastic pollution, rather than a documentary of fishing versus plastic, and which one is a bigger problem.

It was unnecessary to point fingers at organisations that also are working hard at trying to curb plastic pollution and in turn help save our oceans. Plastic pollution and overfishing are both important issues, one does not override the other.

A final word from the inspirational Sylvia Earle:

Silvia Earle

Sylvia Earle

Marine Biologist

“Most of the positive and negative things that bring about change in human civilisation, start with someone. Some-one. No-one can do everything, but everyone can do something. And sometimes big ideas, make a big difference. That’s what we can do, that’s what you can do right now.”

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Catherine Anne Earle

Author Bio - Catherine Anne Earle

Thanks for reading. I'm Cathy the founder of EORTH Australia, an online store that stocks only plastic free products.

I started EORTH after participating in a Plastic Free July many years ago. A few days into the Plastic Free July challenge I soon became aware of just how damaging plastics were to the environment, and although I was conscious of my consumer choices, products packaged in single use plastic and household products from of plastic materials were still very high on my list of purchases.

After lengthy searches for alternatives to plastic products I soon realised that there were a lot of eco stores that sold some plastic free products, but very few really got down to the heart of the plastics issues and said a big hard "no" to selling products that contained plastics — and that is exactly what EORTH is all about.

I have a Bachelor of Arts in Communication Management and was the owner and founder of Sun Peaks Independent News, a community newspaper based in British Columbia, Canada.

After moving back to Australia several years ago I now reside in Palm Cove a beachside suburb in my hometown of Cairns — the gateway to the Great Barrier Reef.

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Martin
Martin
29 days ago

Hi, I too watched seaspiracy and was left with many questions. I personally made the decision to go plant based many years ago for all of the reasons raised in the documentary and your email. I think the answer is that overfishing in general is a big issue, which isn’t spoken about at all within the climate discussion. Further, the contribution of the fishing industry to the plastic problem, on the ocean, and to sea life specifically, is also a big contributing factor, with the majority of plastic in the ocean from fishing products (nets, buoys, floats etc). Unfortunately, money,… Read more »

eortheshop
28 days ago
Reply to  Martin

Hi Martin,
Thank you for your thoughtful and articulate response, absolutely agree with all of your statements.
Cathy

Bella
Bella
29 days ago

If everyone stopped eating fish, there would be no overfishing or fishing net debris in the ocean. Maybe it would even help free the slaves on the Thai fishing vessels. I understand there will always be people relying on fishing to feed their families but anyone that doesn’t have to do that should stop eating fish. If Seaspiracy didn’t make this clear, I don’t know what else to say to make people adopt a mostly plant based diet.

eortheshop
28 days ago
Reply to  Bella

Thanks for your feedback Bella. If everyone switched to a plant based diet would that fix the issues surrounding plastic? It’s unrealistic to think everyone will, carnivores are the majority in western populations — most of which have no desire to change their ways. Both vegans and meat eaters still need to curb their use of plastic. If people stop eating fish and switch to consuming other foods (such as those suggested by Seaspiracy) the cycle of plastic pollution will continue. Those options are still packaged in single use plastic.

Marie Mitchell
11 days ago

Hi, I was also left with a lot of questions and a lot to think about. It was definitely not one of those documentaries with a single message from start to finish. It was interesting to see how it morphed as he learned more. There are so many of us who hear about these issues and idealists like me who just focus on what I can do about the one I hear about, without really always understanding the interconnections. So for me Seaspiracy really highlighted the interconnections and the greed of humanity. I found the commercial fishing section enlightening, horrifying… Read more »

eortheshop
11 days ago
Reply to  Marie Mitchell

Thanks so much for your feedback Marie. Always interesting to hear others perspectives. Agree re the interconnections, it seems there is always one issue at the heart of our environmental issues — greed of humanity. Let’s hope we see a shift sometime in the near future!

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